Biology WAEC Syllabus 2024 | Free PDF Download

Below is this year WAEC syllabus for Biology (BIO), Today's 2024 Biology WAEC Syllabus questions and answers. Biology syllabus WAEC Free PDF Download. Please note that this syllabus is for both internal and external candidates 

Biology Syllabus WAEC (2024/2025):

Biology WAEC Syllabus 2024

Aims and Objectives:

  • Understanding the structure and functions of living organisms and appreciation of nature.
  • Acquisition of laboratory and field skills for conducting and evaluating experiments and projects in Biology.
  • Acquisition of necessary scientific skills, including observing, classifying, and interpreting biological data.
  • Attainment of basic knowledge in Biology for future advanced studies in biological sciences.
  • Development of scientific attitudes for problem-solving.
  • Application of biological principles in everyday life concerning personal, social, environmental, community health, and economic issues.
  • Awareness of interrelationships between biology and other scientific disciplines.

Scheme of Examination:

  • Three papers: Papers 1, 2, and 3, all compulsory.
  • Papers 1 and 2 are composite papers taken in one sitting.

Paper 1:

  • Consists of fifty multiple-choice objective questions drawn from Section A of the syllabus, carrying 50 marks, lasting 50 minutes.

Paper 2:

  • Contains six essay questions from the entire syllabus, divided into Sections A, B, and C.
  • Candidates choose two questions from Section A and answer all short-structured questions in either Section B (for Ghana candidates) or Section C (for Nigeria, Sierra Leone, The Gambia, and Liberia candidates).
  • Each question in Section A carries 20 marks, while the short-structured questions in Sections B and C carry 30 marks each.
  • Total score: 70 marks, duration: 1 hour 40 minutes.

Paper 3:

  • A practical test for school candidates or a test of practical work for private candidates, lasting 2 hours, consisting of Sections A, B, and C.
  • Candidates answer all questions in Section A and choose one question from either Section B (for Ghana candidates) or Section C (for other countries).
  • Total score: 80 marks.

Topics Covered:

  • Living and non-living things
  • Classification of living things into Kingdoms
  • Differences between plants and animals
  • Organization of life: cell, tissue, organ, and system/organ system
  • Complexity of organization in higher organisms
  • Forms in which living cells exist: single and free-living, colony, filament, part of a living organism
  • Cell structure and functions of cell components
  • Similarities and differences between plant and animal cells
  • Physical and biophysical processes: diffusion, osmosis, active transport
  • Nutrition and excretion in single-celled aquatic organisms
  • Basis of growth: cell division (mitosis), enlargement, and differentiation
  • Aspects of growth: increase in dry weight, irreversible increase in size and length, increase in the number of cells
  • Influence of growth hormones and auxins
  • Growth curvatures (Tropisms)
  • Organelles for movement: cilia and flagella
  • Cyclosis

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Check: 2024 WAEC Biology OBJ ESSAY Questions and answers 


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