2024 Computer Science WAEC Syllabus – PDF View

Here is this year WAEC syllabus for Computer Science questions and answers 2024-2025, Computer Science / Studies WAEC Syllabus, Free live WAEC computer Studies Syllabus. Please note that this syllabus is for both internal and external candidates

Computer Science WAEC Syllabus 2024 – PDF View

WAEC 2024 Computer Studies Questions and Answers is now available 🔥🚀🚀 


(i) Sign in: Sign in is the process of logging into a system or service using a username and password or other credentials to access personalized content or features. By signing in, users can access their accounts, settings, preferences, and other information that is specific to them.

(ii) Search engine: A search engine is a web-based tool or software program that allows users to search for information on the internet. Users can enter keywords or queries into the search engine, which then retrieves relevant results from its index of websites and web pages.



(i) Figure 1: Random File Access Method

(ii) Figure 2: Sequential File Access Method



(i) FIGURE 1:



(i) Fast access to any record

(ii) Direct access to data

(iii) Efficient for reading and writing large amounts of data

(iv) Suitable for large databases

(v) Support for random access and sequential access operations




(i) Inefficient for large data sets

(ii) Prone to data corruption

(iii) Limited portability between systems

(iv) Difficulty in managing complex data structures

(v) Limited built-in search capabilities


(ii) FIGURE 2



(i) Simple to implement

(ii) Cost-effective

(iii) Suitable for large amounts of data

(iv) Easy to maintain

(v) Can be read sequentially




(i) Slow access speed

(ii) Inefficient for frequent random access

(iii) Limited concurrent access

(iv) Difficulty in updating and inserting data

(v) Susceptible to data corruption




A file in computer terms refers to a collection of data or information that is stored under a specific name on a storage device.


A record is a collection of related fields that are usually treated as a single unit of information. In the context of databases, a record represents a single entry that contains multiple pieces of information about one entity.


A field is a single piece of information; it is a basic element of data storage that has a specific meaning and context. Fields are used to construct records, where each field in a record typically holds one piece of information relevant to the record.


(i)The student's ID number

(ii)Date of birth

(iii)Emergency contact information.


To edit a field in a student's record, one would generally need to open the database application and navigate to the record in question. Next, they would locate the specific field that requires editing and enter the new information. After making the necessary changes, they would save the updated record to ensure that the edits are retained.


(i)Microsoft Access



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Download Complete PDF View Computer Science WAEC Syllabus

WAEC Syllabus for Computer Studies 2024

COMPUTER STUDIES PREAMBLE: This examination syllabus is derived from the National Curriculum for Senior Secondary School Computer Studies, outlining the course scope for examinations at this level. It emphasizes a conceptual approach, with thematic areas covering:

  1. Computer fundamentals and evolution
  2. Computer hardware
  3. Computer software
  4. Basic computer operations
  5. Computer applications
  6. Managing computer files
  7. Developing problem-solving skills
  8. Information and communication technology
  9. Computer ethics and human issues

Each thematic area is subdivided into concepts. It's important to note that this syllabus complements the teaching syllabus and does not replace it.

Aims and objectives

The objectives of the syllabus aim to assess candidates' understanding, knowledge, and acquisition of:

  1. Basic concepts of computers and their operations
  2. Manipulative, computational, and problem-solving skills
  3. Application of software packages
  4. Operation of computer-related simple devices
  5. Online skills and their applications
  6. Safe attitudes and good practices for effective computer use
  7. Potential for further studies in computer-related areas

Examination Scheme

There will be three papers, Papers 1, 2, and 3, all of which are compulsory:

Paper 1:

  • 50 multiple-choice objective questions
  • Duration: 1 hour
  • Marks: 25

Paper 2:

  • Five essay questions
  • Candidates answer any three
  • Duration: 1 hour
  • Marks: 30

Paper 3:

  • Tests actual practical skills for school candidates and practical work knowledge for private candidates
  • Three questions to be answered
  • Duration: 2 hours
  • Marks: 45

Detailed Computer Science/Studies Syllabus:



(a) Computing Devices I (Pre-computing age - 19th century)

Features, Components, and Uses of Early Computing Devices:

  • Abacus
  • Slide Rule
  • Napier’s Bone
  • Pascal’s Calculator
  • Leibnitz Multiplier
  • Jacquard Loom
  • Charles Babbage’s Analytical Engine
  • Hollerith Census Machine
  • Burrough’s Machine

Contribution of Each Founder to Modern Computers:

  • Explanation of how each inventor's device contributed to the evolution of modern computers.

Trend of Development in Computing Devices:

  • Sequential development from one device to another, showcasing technological advancements over time.

(b) Computing Devices II (20th century to date)

Features, Components, and Uses of Modern Computing Devices:

  • UNIVAC 1
  • Desktop Personal Computers
  • Laptop and Notebook Computers
  • Palmtop

Sizes and Basic Components in Comparative Form:

  • Comparison of sizes and basic components of modern computing devices in a tabular format for clear understanding.

Fundamentals Of Computing

(a) Overview of Computing System

Definition of a Computer:

  • Explanation of what constitutes a computer and its primary function.

Two Main Constituents of a Computer:

  • Description of computer hardware and computer software as essential components.

Computer Hardware:

  • Explanation of physical components of a computer system.

Computer Software:

  • Explanation of programs and data that instruct the hardware on what to do.

Classification and Examples of Hardware and Software:

  • Categorization of hardware and software components with illustrative examples.

Functional Parts of a Computer:

  • Description of key components such as CPU, memory, input/output devices, etc.

Characteristics of Computers:

  • Attributes of computers including electronic nature, accuracy, speed, interactivity, etc.

Differences between Hardware and Software:

  • Clear distinction between physical components (hardware) and programs/data (software).

(b) Data and Information

Definition and Examples of Data and Information:

  • Explanation of raw facts (data) and processed data with context (information).

Differences between Data and Information:

  • Clear distinction between unprocessed and processed data, emphasizing their respective roles and significance.


Security and Ethics

1. Sources of Security Breaches:

  • Identification and explanation of various sources of security breaches, including viruses, worms, Trojan horses, poor network implementation, lack of ICT policies, carelessness, hackers, spammers, etc.
  • Definition and effects of viruses and worms should be elaborated.
  • Definition of hackers and spammers should also be provided.

2. Preventive Measures:

  • Suggestions for preventive measures such as using antivirus software like Norton, McAfee, Avast, etc.
  • Explanation of firewall and its importance.
  • Advising caution in sharing vital and personal information online.
  • Description of encryption methods to secure data.
  • Emphasis on proper network implementation and policies.
  • Recommendation to use websites with web certificates.
  • Cautionary advice regarding opening email attachments.

3. Legal Issues:

  • Discussion of legal issues related to computer ethics, including copyright laws for software.
  • Explanation of firewall functionality is necessary.
  • Definition of encryption should be provided and elaborated upon.


  • Explanation of copyright as the ownership right to text, images, audio, and video.
  • Importance of privacy for audio and video software.
  • Discussion of cybercrimes including identity theft, internet fraud, and hacking.


Input Devices:

  • Definition and examples of input devices such as keyboard, mouse, scanner, joystick, light pen, etc.
  • Classification of keys on the keyboard into Function, Numeric, Alphabetic, and Cursor keys.
  • Explanation of the features, functions, and operation of the mouse.
  • Comparison of keyboard, mouse, light pen, and scanner.

Output Devices:

  • Definition and examples of output devices including monitor, printer, speaker, and plotter.
  • Explanation of the types, features, and uses of output devices.
  • Differentiation between input and output devices.
  • Comparison of inkjet, laser, and line printers.
  • Examples and types of printers and monitors should be provided.

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