List of all WAEC Subjects for Exams 2024 with Questions and Answers

 Welcome to Our main goal is to help students do better in exams. We look at how students did in past exams to find out what they need help with. This helps everyone involved in Senior Secondary School Exams.

Here, you'll find resources for all WAEC subjects to help you understand what you need to do well in your exams. Let's proceed to list all the WAEC subjects along with questions and answers for each:

List of all WAEC Subjects for Exams 2024 with Questions and Answers:

Civil and Mechanical

Construction and Building Trades:

  1. Block Laying, Brick Laying, and Concrete Works
  2. Building Construction
  3. Carpentry & Joinery
  4. Furniture Making
  5. Plumbing & Pipe Fitting
  6. Wood Work

Engineering and Mechanical Trades:

  1. Civil and Mechanical
  2. Air Conditioning/Refrigeration
  3. Auto Body Repair & Spray Painting
  4. Auto Mechanics
  5. Auto Mechanical Work
  6. Metal Work
  7. Machine Woodworking
  8. Welding & Fabricating Eng. Craft Practice

Craftsmanship and Design:

  1. Printing Craft Practice
  2. Technical Drawing
  3. Upholstery.

Mathematics and Applied Science:

  1. General Mathematics
  2. Further Mathematics

Electrical and Electronics:

  1. Basic Electricity
  2. Basic Electronics
  3. Auto Electrical Work
  4. Radio, TV & Electrical Work

Computer and Information Technology:

  1. Computer Studies
  2. Data Processing
  3. GSM Phone Maintenance & Repair.


Major Languages:

  1. English Language
  2. French

Indigenous Nigerian Languages:

  1. Arabic
  2. Edo
  3. Efik
  4. Hausa
  5. Ibibio
  6. Igbo
  7. Yoruba

Literature: (Can be studied in any of the languages listed above).


Life Sciences:

  1. Agricultural Science
  2. Animal Husbandry
  3. Biology
  4. Fisheries

Physical Sciences:

  1. Chemistry
  2. Physics

Practical and Technical Sciences:

  1. Elect Installation & Maintenance Work

Health and Wellness:

  1. Health Education
  2. Physical Education


Business Studies:

  1. Commerce
  2. Financial Accounting
  3. Insurance
  4. Marketing
  5. Office Practice
  6. Salesmanship
  7. Sternography
  8. Store Keeping
  9. Store Management

Retail and Trade:

  1. Automobile Parts Merchandising

Administrative and Clerical Skills:

  1. Bookkeeping
  2. Typewriting.


General Education:

  1. Civic Education
  2. Christian Religious Knowledge (C.R.K)
  3. Islamic Studies

Social Sciences:

  1. Economics
  2. Geography
  3. History

Creative and Technical Skills:

  1. Dyeing & Bleaching
  2. Leather Goods Manufacturing & Repairs
  3. Mining
  4. Painting & Decorating
  5. Photography
  6. Music

Visual and Performing Arts:

  1. Visual Art

Tourism and Hospitality:

  1. Tourism.

Home Economics:

  1. Catering Craft Practice
  2. Clothing & Textile
  3. Cosmetology
  4. Food & Nutrition
  5. Garment Making
  6. Home Management.

1. Catering Craft Practice: 

Catering Craft Practice involves the study of food preparation, culinary techniques, and catering management.

Question 1: What are the essential kitchen safety practices?

Answer 1: Essential kitchen safety practices include:

(a) Always washing hands before handling food,
(b) Using separate cutting boards for raw and cooked foods,
(c) Maintaining clean work surfaces,
(d) Using kitchen equipment correctly to prevent accidents, and
(E) Being aware of fire hazards and how to respond in case of emergency.

Question 2: How do you prepare a basic vegetable stir-fry?

Answer 2: To prepare a basic vegetable stir-fry:

(a) Heat oil in a pan,
(b) Add chopped vegetables such as bell peppers, carrots, and broccoli,
(c) Stir-fry until vegetables are tender-crisp,
(d) Add a sauce mixture made from soy sauce, ginger, garlic, and a pinch of sugar, and
(E) Cook until heated through and serve hot.

2. Clothing & Textile:

Clothing & Textile involves the study of fabrics, garment construction techniques, and fashion design principles.

Question 1: Describe the process of sewing a simple skirt.

Answer 1: To sew a simple skirt:

(a) Take measurements and draft a pattern,
(b) Cut the fabric according to the pattern,
(c) Sew the front and back panels together,
(d) Add a waistband, zipper, or elastic, and
(E) Finish with hemming.

Question 2: Explain the differences between natural and synthetic fibers.

Answer 2: Natural fibers such as cotton, wool, and silk:

(a) Are derived from plants or animals,
(b) Are breathable and comfortable,
(c) Absorb moisture well,
(d) May shrink when washed, and
(E) May require special care during laundering.

Synthetic fibers like polyester and nylon:

(a) Are man-made,
(b) Are often more durable and resistant to wrinkles,
(c) Do not absorb moisture as well as natural fibers,
(d) Are easy to care for, and
(E) Are commonly used in activewear and outdoor clothing.

3. Cosmetology:

Cosmetology involves the study of beauty treatments, skincare, hair care, and makeup techniques.

Question 1: What are the steps involved in a basic facial treatment?

Answer 1: A basic facial treatment typically includes:

(a) Cleansing the skin,

(b) Exfoliating to remove dead skin cells,

(c) Steaming to open pores,

(d) Extracting impurities,

(E) Applying a mask to nourish the skin,

(f) Toning to balance pH levels, and

(g) Moisturizing to hydrate.

Question 2: How do you create a natural daytime makeup look?

Answer 2: To create a natural daytime makeup look:

(a) Start with a clean, moisturized face,

(b) Apply a lightweight foundation or tinted moisturizer,

(c) Conceal any blemishes or dark circles,

(d) Add a neutral eyeshadow,

(E) Apply mascara to define lashes,

(f) Sweep blush onto cheeks for a healthy glow, and

(g) Finish with a tinted lip balm for subtle color.

4. Food & Nutrition:

Food & Nutrition covers topics related to nutrients, dietary requirements, meal planning, and healthy cooking.

Question 1: What are the essential nutrients required for a balanced diet?

Answer 1: Essential nutrients include:

(a) Carbohydrates,

(b) Proteins,

(c) Fats,

(d) Vitamins,

(E) Minerals, and

(f) Water.

Question 2: How can you incorporate more fruits and vegetables into your diet?

Answer 2: You can incorporate more fruits and vegetables into your diet by:

(a) Adding them to meals such as salads, smoothies, and stir-fries,

(b) Snacking on raw fruits and vegetables,

(c) Filling half your plate with fruits and vegetables at each meal,

(d) Experimenting with new recipes that feature fruits and vegetables, and

(E) Visiting farmers' markets or joining a community-supported agriculture (CSA) program to access fresh, locally-grown produce.

5. Garment Making:

Description: Garment Making focuses on the practical skills involved in creating clothing, including pattern drafting, cutting, sewing, and finishing techniques.

Question 1: How do you sew a basic blouse with sleeves?

Answer 1: To sew a basic blouse with sleeves:

(a) Take measurements and draft a pattern,

(b) Cut the fabric according to the pattern pieces for the front, back, sleeves, and cuffs,

(c) Sew the front and back panels together at the shoulders and sides,

(d) Attach the sleeves to the armholes,

(E) Add cuffs to the sleeves, and

(f) Finish with hemming the bottom edge.

Question 2: What are some common garment fitting adjustments?

Answer 2: Common garment fitting adjustments include:

(a) Taking in or letting out seams to adjust the garment's size,

(b) Altering the length of sleeves or hems,

(c) Adding or removing darts for shaping,

(d) Adjusting the width or length of garment pieces to achieve a better fit, and

(E) Making alterations to accommodate different body proportions or preferences.

6. Home Management:

Home Management covers topics related to household organization, budgeting, time management, and domestic skills.

Question 1: What are the key principles of effective home organization?

Answer 1: Key principles of effective home organization include:

(a) Decluttering regularly to reduce excess belongings,

(b) Assigning specific homes for items to maintain order,

(c) Labeling storage containers for easy identification,

(d) Utilizing vertical space with shelving or hooks, and

(E) Maintaining a daily cleaning routine to prevent clutter buildup.

Question 2: How can you create a weekly meal plan?

Answer 2: To create a weekly meal plan:

(a) Start by listing favorite meals and considering dietary preferences,

(b) Plan meals for each day of the week, including breakfast, lunch, dinner, and snacks,

(c) Make a shopping list based on the ingredients needed for each meal,

(d) Incorporate leftovers and pantry staples to minimize waste, and

(E) Be flexible and open to adjustments based on schedule changes or ingredient availability.

Note : These comprehensive answers cover the topics within each subject area of Home Economics using the specified letters. 


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