2024 WAEC Government (OBJ & Essay) Questions and Answers: Summary

Complete 2024 WAEC Government (GOVT) OBJ & Essay Questions and Answers for School Candidates  | WAEC May/June Free Government Questions and Answers Objectives (OBJ) and ESSAY (THEORY) EXPO Room. May–June 2024/2025 for WAEC GOVERNMENT QUESTION AND ANSWER ROOM [School Candidates]


WAEC 2024 Government Answers:

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READ MORE: WAEC May/June 2024 Data Processing Questions and Answers is out

Last Year Government Summary Essay/Obj Answers:

Functions of Government
LegislativeMakes laws and regulations, enacts new laws, amends existing laws, creates legal and regulatory frameworks
ExecutiveImplements and enforces laws and policies, executes administrative tasks, manages public services, enforces regulations through government agencies and departments
JudicialEnsures access to justice, maintains fair and impartial judicial system, interprets laws, resolves disputes, administers justice through courts and legal mechanisms
Defense and SecurityProtects nation's borders, maintains internal security, defends against external threats, maintains armed forces, intelligence agencies, and law enforcement bodies
EconomicManages economy, creates and implements economic policies, regulates financial institutions, promotes economic growth, manages public finances, provides public goods and services

Here are the answers:
Number 2: Choose any five
(i) Backlog of Cases
(ii) Inadequate Funding
(iii) Corruption and Lack of Transparency
(iv) Legal Complexity
(v) Inadequate Legal Aid
Number 4: Pick any five
(i) Formation of Political Values and Beliefs
(ii) Promotion of Political Awareness
(iii) Encouragement of Active Citizenship
(iv) Fostering Political Tolerance and Pluralism
(v) Generation of Political Legitimacy
below are the texts in table form:
Challenges to the Justice System
Backlog of CasesOverwhelming number of pending cases slows down justice system
Inadequate FundingInsufficient budgetary allocations impact quality and efficiency of justice delivery
Corruption and Lack of TransparencyCorruption and lack of transparency erode public trust and impede justice
Legal ComplexityComplex legal procedures and laws hinder smooth operation of justice system
Inadequate Legal AidLimited access to legal aid services impede effective functioning of justice system
Importance of Political Socialization
Formation of Political Values and BeliefsDevelops political values and beliefs essential for informed political choices
Promotion of Political AwarenessRaises awareness about political issues, events, and processes
Encouragement of Active CitizenshipEncourages active participation in democratic processes
Fostering Political Tolerance and PluralismDevelops political tolerance and respect for diverse viewpoints
Generation of Political LegitimacyEstablishes political legitimacy and trust in democratic institutions and processes
Question 7a
Definition of Political Leadership
Political leadership refers to the role and responsibilities of individuals who hold positions of authority and influence within the realm of politics. It encompasses the ability to lead, guide, and make decisions that shape the political landscape and governance of a country, region, or community.
Question 7b
Characteristics of Good Political Leaders
Vision and Strategic Thinking
Strong Communication Skills
Leadership and Decision-Making
No 10)

Here are the 5 chosen factors that can lead to the collapse of a democratic government:
Factors Leading to Democratic Collapse
Widespread Corruption
Electoral Fraud and Manipulation
Failure to Uphold the Constitution
Authoritarianism and Dictatorial Tendencies
Human Rights Abuses
Paper 2 questions:

Here are the answers:
1. (a) Political Socialization
Political socialization is the process of acquiring and passing along political values and information from one generation to the next.
  • (i) Political socialization refers to the transfer of political culture's values and views from one generation to the next.
  • (ii) Political socialization is a means of preserving and transforming political culture, transmitting values, beliefs, and attitudes toward political goals and activities, and modifying them.
  • (iii) Political socialization is a lifelong learning process, and its pace and function occasionally change. The process never stops throughout a person's life.
  • (iv) Political socialization provides the information and motivation required for someone to engage in politics.
2. (a) Political Involvement
Political involvement refers to the active participation of citizens in the political process, including voting, joining political parties, contacting elected officials, and engaging in political discussions.
(a) Four ways to get involved in politics:
  1. Voting in elections
  2. Joining political parties or organizations
  3. Contacting elected officials or participating in public hearings
  4. Engaging in political discussions and debates
3. Public Corporation
A public corporation is a commercial entity founded, owned, controlled, and funded by the government to earn a profit while providing essential services to the public.
(a) Control of Public Corporations:
  • (i) Financial Control: Government auditors periodically inspect public enterprise accounts to prevent financial mismanagement.
  • (ii) Judicial Control: Public corporations can be taken to court as legal entities that can file and respond to lawsuits.
  • (iii) Ministerial Control: Ministers have significant authority over public enterprises, including appointing and removing Board of Directors members, determining compensation and employment terms, and approving loans and major expenditures.


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